Holders of ROC passports in S. Korea marginalized: report
CNASEOUL--People of Chinese descent, who currently hold Republic of China (R.O.C.) passports and whose families have been living in South Korea for more than 130 years, are still treated as “foreigners” not just in that country, but also in Taiwan and China, a Seoul newspaper said in a report yesterday.
February 6, 2013, 12:03 am TWN
Detailing the history of such residents, the Korean-language Dong-A Ilbo said Chinese have been immigrating to the Korean Peninsula for five generations since the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912).
Those who settled in South Korea after the establishment of the Republic of China on Jan. 1, 1912 have held R.O.C. passports, the report said, citing Lee Chung-hsien, head of the Chinese Residents' Association in Seoul.
However, they are not entitled to certain privileges such as visa exemption that R.O.C. nationals in Taiwan enjoy because they do not have household registry in Taiwan, Lee was quoted as saying in the report.
The problem is linked to the fact that the R.O.C. government relocated from China to Taiwan in 1949 after then ruling Kuomintang lost a civil war against the Communist, which subsequently built a People's Republic of China regime on the mainland.
Lee said descendants of that particular group of R.O.C. immigrants in South Korea are not allowed to open bank accounts in Taiwan because they do not have R.O.C. citizenship ID cards.