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Thawing between US and Cuba may transform arts

Saturday, January 3, 2015
By Carolina A. Miranda ,Los Angeles Times/TNS


When President Obama announced plans recently to restore diplomatic relations with Cuba, a bevy of U.S. industries — from automotive to tourism — seemed elated by the possibility of being able to operate in Cuba. The news was greeted with just as much enthusiasm from the culture industry: “Art Collectors Predict 'Stampede' to Cuba,” read one newspaper headline. Another trumpeted: “Renewed ties hit a high note for Cuban music lovers.”

Grammy-winning producer, musician and composer Andres Levin, who is generally based in New York, happened to be in Havana for the announcement.

“It was extremely emotional,” he wrote via email from Cuba. “An air of hope and positive change was felt all over the city, from the streets to the offices. We're still celebrating.”

The anticipated diplomatic thaw, along with a possible lifting or easing of the decades-long U.S. embargo, could transform how U.S. artists and cultural organizations can operate in Cuba — and how Cuban artists and their respective groups can work in the U.S.

“We don't really know yet what will happen,” says the executive director of New York's Bronx Museum, Holly Block, who landed in Havana on the day the announcement was made. “But I think restrictions on cultural exchange projects will be a priority for both sides. It's really exciting.”

Block, in fact, is in Havana because she's trying to work out an exchange between her institution and Cuba's Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (MNBA; National Fine Arts Museum). The idea is that works from the Bronx Museum's permanent collection will go on view at the MNBA during the 12th Havana Biennial, which opens in late May. This would be followed, in 2016, with a show of works from the Cuban museum's collection in New York.

“As part of it, we're bringing (artist) Mary Mattingly here for a project, so she'll be here working on charettes and different workshops,” Block adds. “We're also helping the museum start a teen program.”

It appears that politicos are finally getting around to doing what artists have been doing for years: that is, prying apart a hidebound piece of Cold War policy by finding opportunities to work together in ways that promote greater exchange between the two nations.

Though the U.S. embargo prohibits Americans from trading with Cuba, the Berman Amendment of 1988 (sponsored by former U.S. Rep. Howard Berman) allows the exchange of information, which includes records, photographs, songs, drawings and other art. This means that while it's impossible to bring a box of Cuban cigars into the U.S. (a commercial product), it is possible to import a painting (information).

So even as U.S. and Cuban politicians have given each other the cold shoulder over the years, artists and arts organizations have found ways to connect.

In fact, there has been a long, if bureaucratically complicated, tradition of cultural exchange between Cuba and the U.S., one that ebbs and flows according to the politics of each presidential administration.

For years, Cuban artists have shown their work in U.S. museums, danced on U.S. stages and jammed in U.S. nightclubs. The artist Kcho had a major exhibition of his work at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles in 1997; singer-songwriter Silvio Rodriguez played New York's Carnegie Hall in 2010. And there have been countless other Cuban nationals hosted by U.S. venues, despite the embargo, including the singers of the Buena Vista Social Club, the grooving big band Los Van Van and the legendary ballerina Alicia Alonso.

In recent years, the traffic has gone the other way, with American musicians and artists of all stripes, including Cuban American theater troupes, spending time in Cuba, marinating in the country's traditions while curators, art collectors and producers regularly descend on Havana to scour the city for new talent.

The Havana Biennial, which is held in locations around the Cuban capital every two to three years (it's a biennial in name only), has become a pit stop on the international art circuit.

And last week, “Rent” became the first Broadway production on the island in roughly 50 years. It is produced by Robert Nederlander Jr. (a member of a renowned Broadway producing clan) and is directed by Andy Senor, a Cuban American who starred in the original musical back in the 1990s. The show will run for three months and the entry fee will be 50 cents.

“It's more about enjoyment and education than money,” Nederlander told a British daily.

The announcements by Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro won't affect the particulars of any of these projects in progress. But the move does have many people in the cultural sphere considering what might be artistically possible between the two countries down the line.

“The first thing is that high-quality exhibitions of U.S. artists in Cuba is not something that they've been able to have very much of,” Block says. “The second thing that changes is that right now we're only seeing some artists. Many Cuban artists have to go through Europe to get to the U.S. and have to wait a long time for permission to enter.”

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