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May 30, 2017

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Relief as Maliki out, fears little will change

BAGHDAD--Iraqis and foreign brokers alike breathed a sigh of relief Friday after Nuri al-Maliki stepped aside, which many saw as vital to tackling a spiraling military and humanitarian crisis.

A day after Washington claimed its air strikes averted genocide in northern Iraq, aid groups grappled with the scope of the disaster that saw a jihadist-led blitz displace hundreds of thousands of people in a matter of days.

Some fear that even with the departure of Maliki, a divisive two-term prime minister, the type of significant changes needed to reunite the fractious country will not be made.

Maliki bowed to huge domestic and international pressure on Thursday, throwing in the towel after an acrimonious rearguard action to stay in office, and backing his designated successor Haidar al-Abadi, a fellow member of the Shiite Dawa party.

"I announce before you today ... the withdrawal of my candidacy in favor of the brother Doctor Haidar al-Abadi," he said in a televised address, with Abadi at his side.

His decision was swiftly welcomed by the United States and the United Nations.

"Today, Iraqis took another major step forward in uniting their country," U.S. National Security Advisor Susan Rice said.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for the swift formation of "an inclusive, broad-based government ready to immediately tackle these pressing issues."

'Same school'

The decision of Maliki, 64, to turn the page on eight years in power was welcomed at home as well, but some said little will change.

"Maliki stepping down is a positive move to end the crisis," said Baghdad resident Salah Abu al-Qassem.

But the 38-year-old added that Abadi and Maliki are "both from same school."

"I do not believe that changing the government will be a solution for Iraq," said Mohammed Majid, 53, a resident of the city of Samarra, north of the capital.

"We the Sunnis have been marginalized for 10 years by the Dawa party," he said.

Maliki, who rose from anonymous exile to become a powerful and feared ruler, said he was stepping aside to "facilitate the progress of the political process and the formation of the new government."

But while he defended his record at the helm, critics say his divisive policies have alienated and radicalized the Sunni minority, most of whose heartland was overrun by extremist fighters from the Islamic State (IS) in June.

The jihadist group has since declared a "caliphate" straddling Syria and Iraq, hunted down religious minorities, destroyed holy sites and seized the country's largest dam and several oil fields.

The devastating militant advance has also displaced hundreds of thousands of people and posed an immediate existential threat to the world's seventh oil producer by de facto redrawing its borders along ethnic and sectarian lines.

Iraqi forces folded when IS forces moved in and while the Kurdish peshmerga initially fared better, the U.S. arms that retreating federal troops left behind made the jihadists a formidable foe.

1 Comment
August 16, 2014    nikosretsos@
Of course Haidar al-Abadi must address the demands of the Sunnis who- in appreciation of being represented comparatively in the new government- would work with Sunni militant groups who carry out the car-bombing of Shiites to cease the retaliatory car-bombings and work toward building a new peaceful and prosperous Iraq. But since Maliki still has clout both in the army and in Shiite armed militias, his reluctant cooperation is probably key to success of the new government. I am sure Maliki is terrified of what the future holds for him out of power.

I expect the new Iraqi government to provide al-Maliki immunity from prosecution for all the sectarian slaughter of Iraqi civilians under his watch. Maliki's allies both in the army and the Shiite militias can still cause problems for the new Iraq government until it establishes its full authority by re-organizing the army and the other ministries with a purge of Maliki loyalists and appointment of Sunnis in half of top military and ministry positions - all staffed now with Maliki loyalists.

Al Maliki had created a fiefdom for himself in Iraq, and had plans to reign in a Saddam Hussein style indefinitely. Fortunately the two hostile allies Iran and the U.S. have agreed that Iraq needed a new inclusive government. It is a good start, but the future of Iraq as a peaceful and united nation is still uncertain. Nikos Retsos, retired professor, USA
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