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May 27, 2017

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Iraq receives Russian warplanes as it takes fight to militants

BAGHDAD--Iraqi forces pressed a counter-attack on Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit Sunday as Russia delivered Sukhoi warplanes to aid Baghdad in what diplomats warn is an existential battle against Sunni militants.

Government planes pounded Tikrit with air strikes and clashes broke out across the city Sunday, witnesses said, as thousands of troops advanced in the most ambitious operation Iraqi forces have carried out since insurgents led by the jihadist Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) overran swathes of five provinces weeks earlier.

World leaders, alarmed by the pace of the reverses in Iraq, have meanwhile urged a speeding up of government formation following April elections, warning that the conflict, driven by sectarian divides, cannot be resolved militarily.

And while beleaguered Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has conceded that a political solution is necessary to end the crisis, his security spokesman has for days touted successes in the Tikrit operation that could be crucial not only tactically, but also for morale in the security forces.

"The security forces are advancing from different areas" around Tikrit, Lieutenant General Qassem Atta told reporters. "There are ongoing clashes."

Atta said that troops had detonated bombs planted along routes leading to the city, which fell to militants more than two weeks ago.

Witnesses in the city itself, meanwhile, reported waves of government air strikes in various areas of central Tikrit and Saddam's palace compound in the city.

The Iraqi forces, according to Atta, are coordinating with recently arrived U.S. military advisers in "studying important targets."

Kirkuk Advance

Also Sunday, fighters backed by the Kurdish Peshmerga force were advancing on the Shiite-majority village of Basheer, south of Kirkuk that was taken over by militants during the offensive, officials said.

The Tikrit offensive comes as Iraq took delivery of the first batch of Sukhoi warplanes from Russia, with the newly purchased Su-25 aircraft expected to be pressed into service as soon as possible, bolstering Iraq's air power.

An Iraqi official said that pilots from Saddam's air force would fly the planes.

Su-25s are designed for ground attack, meaning they will be useful for Iraqi forces trying to root out ISIL-led militants from a string of towns and cities they have seized.

US$500 Mil. Sukhoi Deal

Maliki on Thursday announced that Baghdad was buying more than a dozen Sukhoi aircraft from Russia in a deal that could be worth up to US$500 million.

While Washington has been sending military advisers to help Iraqi commanders and is flying armed drones over Baghdad, Iraqi officials have voiced frustration that multi-billion dollar deals for U.S.-made F-16s and Apache helicopters have not been expedited.

Washington, which has pushed for political reconciliation in the face of what Secretary of State John Kerry has described as an "existential" threat, has also so far not acceded to Iraq's appeal for U.S. air strikes.

The U.S. has stopped short of calling for the premier to go but has left little doubt it feels he has squandered the opportunity to rebuild Iraq since American troops withdrew in late-2011.

American officials have also said a proposed US$500-million plan to arm and train moderate rebels in neighboring Syria could also help Iraq fight ISIL, which operates in both countries.

Maliki's security spokesman has said hundreds of soldiers have been killed since the insurgent offensive was launched on June 9, while the U.N. puts the overall death toll at over 1,000, mostly civilians.

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