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September 23, 2017

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Iran summit falters on nuclear, Syria criticism

TEHRAN--A showpiece summit hosted by Iran stumbled as soon as it opened on Thursday when the head of the U.N. pressed Tehran on its nuclear stand, and Egypt's new leader publicly sided with Syria's opposition.

The double challenge, before the leaders and delegates of the 120-member Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), upset Iran's plans to portray the two-day summit as a diplomatic triumph over Western efforts to isolate it.

Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei opened the event with a speech blasting the United States as a hegemonic meddler and Israel as a regime of "Zionist wolves."

He also stated that his country "is never seeking nuclear weapons" and accused the U.N. Security Council, under U.S. influence, of exerting an "overt dictatorship" over the world.

U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon, who looked irritated at Khamenei's remarks, shot back that Iran should boost global confidence in its nuclear activities by "fully complying with the relevant (U.N.) Security Council resolutions and thoroughly cooperating with the IAEA," the U.N.'s nuclear watchdog.

He warned about the current state of bellicose rhetoric coming from Israel and Iran, saying "a war of words can quickly spiral into a war of violence."

Egypt's new President Mohamed Morsi — making the first visit to Iran by an Egyptian head of state since the 1979 Islamic revolution — in turn embarrassed his hosts by voicing support for the opposition in Syria, which is fighting the Damascus regime unwaveringly backed by Iran.

"The revolution in Egypt is the cornerstone for the Arab Spring, which started days after Tunisia and then it was followed by Libya and Yemen and now the revolution in Syria against its oppressive regime," Morsi said.

That contradicted the line put out by Damascus and Tehran, which assert that the Syrian uprising is a "terrorist" plot masterminded by the United States and regional countries.

Morsi's address prompted a walkout by the Syrian government delegation and drew a sharp response from Syria's Foreign Minister Walid Muallem, who accused the Egyptian leader of inciting further bloodshed in Syria.

Iran's state media failed to mention the contentious parts of Ban and Morsi's speeches in their coverage of the summit.

Iran Nuclear Activity Under UN Scrutiny

The summit to-and-fro over Iran's nuclear ambitions had its roots in an unusually frank meeting Ban held with Khamenei and Ahmadinejad after arriving on Wednesday.

Ban told them Iran needed to provide "concrete" steps to ease the international showdown which has raised the specter of airstrikes on nuclear facilities, threatened by both Israel and the United States.

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