Erdogan marches to Turkey presidency
By Stuart Williams and Fulya Ozerkan ,AFP Tuesday, August 12, 2014, 12:03 am TWN
ISTANBUL/ANKARA -- Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Monday prepared for the challenge of leading Turkey as a strongman president after winning an election in the first round albeit by a narrower-than-expected margin.
He vowed to build a "new Turkey" and reconcile a divided country in triumphant midnight speech before tens of thousands of supporters in Ankara, after taking almost 52 percent of the vote in Sunday's poll.
As premier since 2003, Erdogan has sought to modernize Turkey and take a more assertive position on the global stage but is seen by many as increasingly authoritarian.
Now the country's first ever directly elected president, the Islamic-rooted leader will be inaugurated on Aug. 28 and could serve two five-year terms, staying in power until 2024.
Attention will now turn to who becomes the next prime minister to take the ruling Islamic-rooted Justice and Development Party (AKP) into 2015 legislative elections.
As Erdogan prepares to beef up the powers of the president — which in recent years has been a largely ceremonial role — he may have to tread more carefully after a victory that was weaker than expected by his strategists.
"It will have implications for the way he approaches the new presidency, it would have to be more cautious," said Ali Carkoglu, professor at Koc University in Istanbul.
Erdogan is seeking a more U.S.-style executive presidency but this will prove tricky within the limits of the current constitution, and the AKP has vowed to seek a new basic law after the 2015 polls.
Debt ratings agency Fitch said the result "does little to ameliorate the political risk" to Turkey's credit profile.
Sunday's poll was the first direct presidential election in Turkish history — previously the head of state was chosen by parliament — and Erdogan has pledged to be a "people's president."
"The Turkish people wrote history yesterday," declared the pro-Erdogan daily Sabah, with a picture of Erdogan delivering a speech from the balcony of AKP headquarters in Ankara with his hand clasped to his heart.
'AKP meets on next PM'
Erdogan won 51.74 percent of the vote, the main opposition challenger Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu Ihsanoglu 38.46 percent and Kurdish candidate Selahattin Demirtas 9.80 percent, according to results based on a near total vote count.
The AKP's top executive committee was meeting Monday on a new party leader and premier, although a decision will not be made for several days.
The Cumhuriyet daily said Erdogan's failure to win more than 55 percent had shifted the thinking within the AKP about the new premier.
There were now growing voices for outgoing president Abdullah Gul — seen as a moderate and conciliatory figure — to take the post.
The other option is Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, an influential figure but an Erdogan loyalist who would be likely to do his master's bidding.
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