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British government will not block assisted suicide bill

LONDON--The British government will not stand in the way of legislation that would permit assisted suicide, the Ministry of Justice said Sunday as parliament prepares to examine a bill.

The governing coalition will not order its lawmakers to block the proposals and instead they will be given a free vote according to conscience, a spokesman said.

The draft legislation will come before parliament in the next four months, The Sunday Telegraph newspaper said.

It remains a criminal offence — punishable by up to 14 years' imprisonment — to help someone take their own life, under the 1961 Suicide Act.

Four years ago, the director of public prosecutions (DPP), who heads England's state prosecution service, issued guidelines that said anyone “acting out of compassion” while helping a loved one to die was unlikely to be charged.

Since then, around 90 such cases have been examined and no charges brought, The Sunday Telegraph said.

Prime Minister David Cameron of the center-right Conservatives and Deputy PM Nick Clegg of the centrist Liberal Democrats have both in the past voiced opposition to amending the law.

But a Ministry of Justice spokesman said: “The government believes that any change to the law in this emotive and contentious area is an issue of individual conscience and a matter for parliament to decide rather than government policy.”

Lord Charles Falconer of the opposition Labour Party is bringing his Assisted Dying Bill before parliament's upper House of Lords in the coming months.

It would allow doctors to prescribe a lethal dose of drugs to terminally ill patients who are judged to have less than six months to live.

If it passes an initial Lords vote, it will go to the elected lower House of Commons.

Falconer says the DPP guidelines encourage “amateur assistance only” and are driving people to clinics in Switzerland, where assisted dying is permitted.

Assisted suicide allows a doctor to provide a patient with all the necessary lethal substances to end their life, but lets them carry out the final act.

Euthanasia goes a step further, and allows doctors themselves to administer the lethal doses of medicine. This practice is legal in the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.

There have been several failed attempts in Britain to legislate on the controversial issue.

Betty Boothroyd, a former Commons speaker who now sits in the Lords, said Wednesday the current legal situation on assisted dying makes a “mockery” of English justice.

“The current law should be repealed to make way for a better one,” she told the chamber.

“This is a moral issue whose time has come and parliament should resolve it.”

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