Germany considers downsizing army by third
By Andreas Rinke ,Reuters
August 15, 2010, 12:28 am TWN
BERLIN -- Germany's defense minister favours shrinking its army by more than a third and suspending compulsory national service, government sources said on Friday.
Germany, increasingly active in international military missions in recent years, is working on five different models for overhauling the armed forces, or Bundeswehr, in order to cut defense costs and modernize the military.
Defense Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg favors a scheme that would see the size of the armed forces reduced to 163,500 from around 250,000 at present, according to the sources.
Nearly all troops would be professionals, with a small program of about 7,500 short-term volunteers remaining in place of the 60,000 troops that now consist of men fulfilling a requirement to serve for six months.
The ministry declined to comment on the figures.
Until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the Federal Republic shied away from participation in armed conflicts and foreign deployment of the army was limited to humanitarian aid.
However, in the past two decades German soldiers fought on foreign soil in international missions in troubled regions like Somalia, Kosovo, Congo and Afghanistan, where Germany now has the third-largest international contingent.
Today Germany has some 6,700 troops stationed abroad.
Guttenberg's preference would not necessarily seal the army's fate, which has been the focus of heated debate within the ruling center-right coalition.
Many within Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives want to keep mandatory military service, while the pro-business Free Democrats (FDP) want to abolish it. The model favoured by Guttenberg would not formally abolish but rather suspend it.
The minister is due to present the models to the government's defence experts on Aug. 23.