Gov't panel calls for reform of US eavesdropping
By Stephen Collinson and Rob Lever, AFPWASHINGTON--A White House-picked panel Wednesday recommended curbing the secretive powers of the National Security Agency (NSA), warning that its mass spying sweeps in the war on terror had gone too far.
December 20, 2013, 12:09 am TWN
The report said the NSA should halt the mass storage of domestic phone records, and called for new scrutiny on snooping on world leaders plus privacy safeguards for foreigners and fresh transparency over U.S. eavesdropping.
The 300-page report unveiled 46 recommendations to reshape U.S. surveillance policy following explosive revelations by fugitive intelligence contractor Edward Snowden which outraged U.S. allies and civil liberties advocates.
The report, delivered by a five-person panel of legal and intelligence experts, was commissioned by President Barack Obama himself — yet puts him in a tricky political spot between those demanding change and the U.S. intelligence community.
There is no guarantee the president will accept the non-binding recommendations: but he will consider his next steps over his end-of-year vacation in Hawaii, and address the American people in January.
The panel urged reforms of a secret national security court that oversees clandestine surveillance operations and an end to bulk retention of telephone “metadata” by the National Security Agency (NSA).
Mass collection of billions of telephone records could still go on — but the “metadata” should not be kept by the NSA but in private hands, to permit specific queries by the agency or law enforcement, if national security is deemed at risk.
The NSA currently pours over telephone and Internet data to seek patterns of communications between extremists.
Twelve years after al-Qaida terror attacks unleashed a U.S. war on terror and enshrined a massive new U.S. intelligence and security infrastructure, the panel suggested things had perhaps gone too far.
“It is now time to step back and take stock,” the report said.
“We conclude that some of the authorities that were expanded or created in the aftermath of Sept. 11 unduly sacrifice fundamental interests in individual liberty, personal privacy, and democratic governance,” it said.
Review board member Richard Clarke, a former White House counterterrorism aide, warned: “we are not saying the struggle against terrorism is over.”