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June 23, 2017

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South Sudan peace talks to start amid renewed fighting

JUBA/ADDIS ABABA -- South Sudan's government and rebels were set to begin formal peace talks on Sunday amid outbreaks of fresh fighting across the country including in the capital Juba.

The talks in the Ethiopian capital are aimed at ending three weeks of fighting that have already left thousands dead in the world's newest nation, and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry urged the two sides not to use the talks as a "gimmick" for buying time.

"Negotiations have to be serious, they cannot be a delay, (a) gimmick in order to continue the fighting and try to find advantage on the ground at the expense of the people of South Sudan," Kerry told reporters while on a visit to Jerusalem.

After a preliminary meeting late Saturday, negotiations were expected to begin on Sunday afternoon — although diplomats said "protocol issues" had delayed the start to later Sunday, without ruling out a start early Monday.

Regional peace brokers appeared to be struggling to prevent a breakdown, amid heavy fighting overnight inside Juba and more clashes elsewhere in the country, plus key differences over the fate of rebel officials detained by the government of President Salva Kiir.

The spokesman for South Sudan's government delegation, Information Minister Michael Makuei, struck a confrontational tone by again accusing rebel leader Riek Machar of having started the fighting by attempting a coup.

"His attempt to overthrow a democratically elected government is an established fact ... but the way the international community is handling it is rather strange," he told reporters, rejecting calls for Juba to release suspected rebels in government custody.

"We are being told to negotiate with the rebels. But any rebels who have fallen in our hands will have to answer why he or she decided to take up arms against a democratically-elected government," he said, asserting that "nobody is above the law."

Ethiopian government spokesman Getachew Reda said IGAD — the East African regional bloc brokering the talks — was trying to convince South Sudan's government to release 11 detainees, many of them former senior government officials, as a "good will gesture."

He said a possible compromise could be for the detainees to be transferred to IGAD custody.

The United States, which was instrumental in helping South Sudan win independence, has also urged South Sudan's government to "release political detainees immediately" so that they can take part in the negotiations.

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