Protests after Morsi assumes sweeping powers
AFP and Reuters
November 24, 2012, 12:26 am TWN
CAIRO -- Protesters torched Muslim Brotherhood offices on Friday, state media said, as supporters and opponents of President Mohammed Morsi staged rival rallies across Egypt a day after he assumed sweeping powers.
The offices of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), the Muslim Brotherhood's political arm, were set ablaze in the canal cities of Ismailiya and Port Said, state television said. An FJP official told AFP the party's office was also stormed in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria.
In Cairo, an array of liberal and secular groups, including activists planned to march on Tahrir Square to demonstrate against the “new pharaoh.”
Morsi's backers led by the powerful Muslim Brotherhood gathered outside the presidential palace in north Cairo in a show of support for his decision to temporarily place his decisions above judicial oversight.
On Thursday, the president undercut a hostile judiciary that had been considering whether to scrap an Islamist-dominated panel drawing up a new constitution, stripping judges of the right to rule on the case or to challenge his decrees. The decision effectively places the president above judicial oversight until a new constitution is ratified.
Morsi's decree on Thursday also shielded from legal challenge an Islamist-dominated assembly writing Egypt's new constitution, as well as the upper house of parliament, which is dominated by Islamists allied to Morsi.
Morsi's opponents poured into Tahrir Square after the main weekly Muslim prayers. They were expected to be joined by leading secular politicians Mohamed ElBaradei, a former U.N. nuclear watchdog chief, and Amr Mussa, a former foreign minister and Arab League chief.
“This is a coup against legitimacy ... We are calling on all Egyptians to protest in all of Egypt's squares on Friday,” said Sameh Ashour, head of the lawyers' syndicate, in a joint news conference with ElBaradei and Mussa.
ElBaradei denounced Morsi as a “new pharaoh,” the same term of derision used against Mubarak when he was in power.
“Morsi is a 'temporary' dictator,” read the banner headline in Friday's edition of independent daily Al-Masry Youm.
The Islamist president assumed his new powers in a decree read out by spokesman Yasser Ali on state television on Thursday.
“The president can issue any decision or measure to protect the revolution,” it said.
“The constitutional declarations, decisions and laws issued by the president are final and not subject to appeal.”
Morsi also sacked prosecutor general Abdel Meguid Mahmud, whom he failed to oust last month, amid strong misgivings among the president's supporters about the failure to secure convictions of more members of the old regime. Morsi appointed Talaat Ibrahim Abdallah to replace Mahmud and, within minutes of the announcement, the new prosecutor was shown on television being sworn in.
In his pronouncement, the president also ordered “new investigations and retrials” in cases involving the deaths of protesters.
The declaration is aimed at “cleansing state institutions” and “destroying the infrastructure of the old regime,” the president's spokesman said.