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June 29, 2017

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Somalia's Al-Shabab abandon last major bastion of Kismayo

MOGADISHU -- Somalia's Al-Shabab rebels retreated from the southern port of Kismayo overnight, the group and residents said, abandoning the last major bastion of their five-year revolt to an offensive by African Union (AU) and Somali government troops.

The loss of Kismayo a day after it was attacked by Kenyan and Somali soldiers backed by air strikes will deal a major blow to the al-Qaida-linked rebels, weakening morale and depriving them of revenue from taxing local businesses and shipping.

"We moved out our fighters ... from Kismayo at midnight," Al-Shabab spokesman, Sheikh Ali Mohamud Rage, told Reuters on Saturday, promising to strike back. "The enemies have not yet entered the town. Let them enter Kismayo which will soon turn into a battlefield."

The Kenya Defense Force (KDF) said two regional rebel commanders, Sheikh Hassan Yakub and Sheikh Abdikarim Adow, were killed in ai r strikes in the city late on Friday and that another five insurgents were killed in combat. Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, Al-Shabab's spokesman for military operations, told Reuters the rebels had suffered no losses.

Al-Shabab, which formally merged with al-Qaida in February, has pulled out of a number of urban areas including the capital, Mogadishu, in recent months under pressure from African Union peacekeeping forces and the Somali government.

Kenyan military spokesman Colonel Cyrus Oguna told Reuters that as of midday on Saturday, his force was in control of the northern half of the city.

Locals confirmed the militants had pulled out under the cover of darkness but said the Kenyan troops, fighting under an African Union peacekeeping force's banner, and Somali soldiers were still camped on the city's outskirts.

Analysts warned against premature celebrations in the wake of the rebels' departure, saying they must have left a few fighters behind.

"This is not an indication of Al-Shabab having abandoned armed struggle and there is no evidence they are keen on surrendering. They will continue to be a great nuisance for a very long time," said Rashid Abdi, a Somalia expert and an editor with Kenya's Nation Media Group.

The insurgents, who once controlled swathes of the lawless Horn of Africa country, have turned to guerrilla tactics, harrying the weak government of newly elected President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud with suicide bombings and assassinations.

There were reports of looting in some areas of the city.

"Al-Shabab has not perished, so the worry is what next," said local elder Ali Hussein.

One man who was loudly celebrating the departure of Al-Shabab fighters from the city was shot dead, residents said.

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