Researchers have identified a gene that helps people tolerate low-oxygen conditions, according to a study published Monday, opening the way for new treatments for heart failure and related conditions.
International scientists gathering in the U.S. for a conference this week expressed cautious optimism that they may finally be on the right track to fight Alzheimer's, a disease that already affects millions around the world and is expected to more than double by 2050 as the population ages.
Scientists said Wednesday they had taken a key step towards stem cell therapy for rare mitochondrial disorders, passed on from mother to child.
Teenage fathers are likelier to have children with health problems because of mutations in their sperm, a study said Wednesday.
Think the reason some people live beyond the age of 100 is because of their genes? Think again.
Bone marrow transplants can reverse severe sickle cell disease in adults, a small study by government scientists found, echoing results seen with a similar technique used in children.
For the first time, U.S. researchers have cloned embryonic stem cells from adult cells, a breakthrough on the path toward helping doctors treat a host of diseases.
A high-tech screening tool for cervical cancer is facing pushback from more than a dozen American patient groups, who warn that the genetic test could displace a simpler, cheaper and more established mainstay of women's health: the Pap smear.
Researchers unveiled a high-resolution "map" Wednesday of gene activity in a human fetus brain, which they said should lead to better understanding of developmental disorders such as autism.
Next time you call someone a Neanderthal, better look in a mirror. Many of the genes that help determine most people's skin and hair are more Neanderthal than not, according to two new studies that look at the DNA fossils hidden in the modern human genome.