Kim Jong Un to pave own path as 'supreme leader' of N. Korea
By Frank Ching
December 28, 2011, 12:02 am TWN
North Korean leader Kim Jong Il had a checkered relationship with Beijing but one that was solidified in the last year and a half of his life, when he visited China three times in 13 months and sought, and obtained, China's acceptance of his youngest son as his political heir.
Certainly, the Chinese leadership was effusive in its praise of Kim in its condolence message, calling him a “great leader” who had performed “immortal historic feats.” Gone was the rancor of previous years, when Beijing was angered by his sometimes deceitful maneuvers as he attempted to make North Korea a nuclear power.
For now, China's top priority is the maintenance of stability of the Korean peninsula. Thus, Kim Jong Un can be assured of its support as he attempts to consolidate power.
But both China and North Korea know well that their relationship will never return to that of the 1950s, when it was said that they were “as close as lips and teeth.”
Indeed, Jong Un's very name reflects a repudiation of Chinese tradition. In China, it is taboo for a son to share his father's given name. And North Korea banned Chinese characters when they were still used in the South.
Although Kim Jong Il succeeded his father Kim Il Sung in 1994, he did not make a visit to Beijing until 2000.
His father had for decades been able to play China off against the Soviet Union, receiving aid from both, but Jong Il did not have that luxury since the Soviet Union collapsed 20 years ago.
Instead, he played a relatively weak hand extremely well. Certainly, by the time of his death, North Korea had become a nuclear power. And now China's priority is to shore up Kim Jong Un rather than insist that he give up his nuclear weapons.
Discussions with the United States on reviving talks on dismantling North Korea's nuclear program will be put on ice, at least during the mourning period, which could be prolonged.
Even after the revival of high-level contacts, Kim Jong Il was not a frequent guest in Beijing. Indeed, years went by when there were no visits — until they suddenly increased in frequency last year.
In May 2010, he visited Beijing, the first time in four years. Then, three months later, he was in China again. This time, President Hu Jintao flew to Changchun, in northeastern China, to meet him. Something was going on.