China releases list of goods banned from export to NK
By Megha Rajagopalan ,ReutersBEIJING -- China has released a list of technologies and goods banned from export to North Korea because of their possible use in building nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, China's Ministry of Commerce said on Monday.
September 24, 2013, 12:17 am TWN
China and other members of the United Nations have declined in the past to give a full list of items banned from export, a situation that U.N. monitors say has made difficult the task of determining whether Beijing is really implementing sanctions.
“It means China is strictly complying with the U.N. Security Council resolutions,” said Zhang Liangui, an expert on North Korea at China's Central Party School.
“Frankly, since North Korea conducted the third nuclear test in February, China has begun to adjust its policy toward North Korea, including prohibiting exports of dangerous products.”
China is North Korea's sole major ally but it criticized the North's nuclear test in February. China has repeatedly called for the denuclearization of the Korean peninsular.
China was also frustrated with North Korea's threats against South Korea and the United States after the imposition of new U.N. sanctions following the nuclear test.
China signed on to those U.N. sanctions but it remains North Korea's largest trading partner and the United Nations has criticized it for failing to enforce trade bans on the North.
China has also come under pressure, especially from the United States, to moderate its support for the North.
The 236-page list names dozens of products known as “dual-use technologies,” meaning that although ostensibly meant for civilian purposes, they can be used in military programs.
“The dual-use products and technologies that are forbidden from being exported to North Korea delineated in this list have uses in weapons of mass destruction,” the Commerce Ministry said in a statement on its website.
It did not say if the document was a comprehensive list of banned goods.