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September 19, 2017

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HK votes in crucial legislative polls

HONG KONG--Hong Kong voted Sunday in legislative elections seen as a test for the pro-Beijing government, after it was forced to scrap mandatory Chinese patriotism classes in the face of escalating protests.

The government has been besieged by protests since it took office in July with support from Beijing, and a strong vote for democratic parties will be seen as a rejection of the mainland's growing influence in the former British colony.

Tens of thousands of student-led demonstrators surrounded the executive building for a second consecutive night on Saturday, calling for the withdrawal of the unpopular plan to introduce Chinese patriotism classes into schools.

The rallies, which waxed and waned for 10 days straight and included hunger strikes and a Tiananmen Square-style democracy statue, became a rallying cry for democratic parties.

Critics of the policy said it amounted to Chinese Communist Party brainwashing, citing state-funded course materials praising the benefits of one-party rule.

In an election-eve policy reversal, the city's leader Leung Chun-ying dropped the 2016 deadline for the classes to be introduced and said they would no longer be mandatory.

"The schools are given the authority to decide when and how they would like to introduce the moral and national education," he told a press conference late Saturday, blaming the previous government for the policy.

The protests ended on Sunday but analysts said anger at the government's handling of the education row would not dissipate so quickly and could still boost turnout for the pro-democracy camp.

Voting began at 7:30 a.m. (2330 GMT Saturday) and will continue until 10:30 p.m., with results not expected until Monday.

Around 36 percent of the electorate had placed their votes by 6:30 p.m., 6.2 percent more than the previous legislative election, held in 2008, at the same time of day.

The new legislature could pave the way for universal suffrage as promised by Beijing in 2017 for the job of chief executive, and by 2020 for the parliament.

Forty of the 70 seats — expanded from 60 in the outgoing assembly — will be directly elected, the first time that more than half of the seats in the Asian financial center have been decided by popular vote.

The remainder is chosen by relatively small "functional constituencies" of electors grouped along economic and professional lines, including wealthy business leaders with strong financial ties to the mainland.

Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Raymond Tam said the expanded number of seats in the assembly "greatly enhanced" democracy, but the democracy camp and many independent analysts disagree.

"The impact will be very, very limited. The opposition will still remain in the minority, it still has no chance in securing a majority," City University of Hong Kong analyst Joseph Cheng told AFP.

Pro-democracy campaigners are hoping to win the minimum 24 seats they need to retain a veto over constitutional amendments required for the introduction of universal suffrage.

They fear Beijing will try to force through a sanitized version of universal suffrage that gives the central authorities power to screen candidates.

Beijing-backed newspaper Wen Wei Po described the pro-democracy camp as people who "throw bananas," an apparent reference to the protests and the noisy antics of some radical lawmakers.

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