Hong Kong set to elect legislature
By Stephen Coates ,AFP
September 7, 2012, 12:19 am TWN
HONG KONG -- Hong Kong goes to the polls Sunday to elect a new legislature that will lay the ground rules for direct elections, amid growing disquiet over mainland China's hold over the former British colony.
The vote is taking place against a steady drumbeat of anti-government protests, fueled by resentment over what many see as the ruling elite cozying up to Beijing at the expense of Hong Kong's cherished democratic freedoms.
The Legislative Council's next four-year term will set the stage for one-person, one-vote leadership elections in 2017, when Beijing has promised universal suffrage in the territory for the first time.
In 2020 it has promised to extend that to elections for the legislature, indicating it will do away with a complicated voting system which ensures pro-Beijing parties and candidates dominate the city's government.
But pro-democracy parties say China's communist rulers have no intention of easing their grip on the regional financial center, and are suspicious about what form of "universal suffrage" the pro-Beijing executive will propose.
They fear that if the opposition stumbles in the weekend polls, the government will be able to force through anti-democratic measures that would dilute the effects of a direct vote.
"If the pan-democrats are able to muster half of the 70 seats, they will be able to galvanize enough support to enable universal suffrage to take place in 2017," Chinese University of Hong Kong political analyst Willy Lam said.
But if they lose the one-third they currently hold, they will be unable to prevent the establishment camp "bulldozing through anti-democratic bills," he added.
The Beijing-backed government has been mired in scandal and controversy since it took office in July under the leadership of former property surveyor Leung Chun-ying.
Its key legislative challenges include making good on promises to boost public housing to address soaring property prices, and closing legal loopholes to stop pregnant mainlanders from swamping the city's public hospitals.
Up to 90,000 people demonstrated in July against a plan to introduce "national education," shortly after some 400,000 anti-establishment demonstrators took to the streets during a visit to the southern city by Chinese President Hu Jintao.
Students have been camped outside the government headquarters for a week, accusing Leung of planning to "brainwash" Hong Kong's children with Communist Party propaganda.
Leung denies the allegations, and he has the support of pro-China parties which are staunch backers of the so-called patriotism classes.
"The recent events show that many Hong Kong people are very fearful of communist rule and they feel that the communist government is interfering too much," Democratic Party Vice Chairwoman Emily Lau told AFP.