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April 23, 2017

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My space, your space —it's all the same ad space

The ad industry is redefining "public" television.

With people fast-forwarding faster than ever through TV commercials at home, advertising companies have taken their campaigns into the open.

Perhaps you've noticed: Flat-panel screens filled with spots plugging cars, orthodontists and face-lifts are everywhere. They greet you at the grocery store, the coffeehouse, the bank and the service station.

Most recently they've popped up in restrooms, mounted on hand dryers.

And no, you can't change the channel.

"Consumers want control," said Eli Portnoy, founder of brand strategy consultancy the Portnoy Group. So naturally, "Marketers are trying to wrestle control away."

It's another round in the cat-and-mouse game between Americans with disposable income and the advertisers desperate to reach them, now that the digital video recorder has become so popular. Estimates are that about 20 percent of U.S. households have DVRs, which allow program-watching at the expense of ads, because ads can be zipped through with the simple pressure of a finger on a button.

"Everybody's flipping the channel," said Kristine Hernandez, a director of ImpressionAire Media, which made the hand dryers with built-in digital screens that were installed in two restaurants in Orange County, Calif., where they promote rental cars and drink specials. "You have to capture their attention."

In this new world, the risk is that TV screens in public places will fade into the background if they show nothing but boring ads. So in many cases, promotions are rotated with local news, weather and entertainment.

That way, advertisers can say they're providing a service.

"For better or worse, we live in a time-crunched society," said Mike DiFranza, chairman of the Out-of-Home Video Advertising Bureau. "If you're waiting in line, it's a waste of time. But if you can look up information about what's going on in the world, you're kept informed."

Some people are buying it.

"It's nice to have something to look at," said Amanda Bender, a 50-year-old social services worker, about the screen mounted on the wall of the Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf she frequents in Los Angeles' mid-Wilshire district.

But ad omnipresence is pushing some people over the edge.

"I'm just so overwhelmed by it," said Kendra Miller, a 26-year-old business manager who felt assaulted by a flat-panel TV staring down at her from the wall of a grocery store in Culver City, Calif., as she was getting ready to check out.

Miller is a person the industry wants to reach. She has stopped going to movie theaters because she can't stand the ads they run before the film starts. Pop-up Web ads pester her at work — and now, as annoying, she's got TV commercials in her supermarket.

"They put them in places you can't escape," she said.

No kidding. The amount spent on the "alternative out-of-home media" advertising category, which includes digital screens in stores, movie theaters and elevators (but not roadside billboards), grew 27 percent in 2006 to US$1.69 billion, according to PQ Media Research.

"Everyone is saying this is the next frontier," said George Wishart, global managing director of Nielsen In-Store, which began measuring the audience for these sorts of ads last month.

The boom has been fueled in part by technology. The price of flat-panel digital screens has fallen more than one-third in the past two years, according to iSuppli Corp., an El Segundo, Calif.-based consulting company.

And the software used to create on-screen ads has become more reliable. Advertisers remotely can change the messages displayed depending on the weather, special promotions or the popularity of certain items.

At Best Buy, Costco and other major retailers, most ads on the "in-store screens," as they're called, are for items that can be bought then and there. The spots are produced by Premier Retail Networks Corp., a San Francisco company that has installed 200,000 screens in 6,500 stores around the country.

An ad on a PRN screen might go like this: "Wondering what to make for dinner tonight? Think about lemon pepper halibut. ..." Then the recipe and ingredients will be listed, and the viewer, it is hoped, will buy those ingredients.

PRN claims success, saying research shows that 42 percent of shoppers can recall a brand they've seen on in-store screens — about double the rate that studies have found for TV commercials. And, the company says, the cost of reaching 1,000 customers through in-store screens is about US$12 — roughly the same as it would be to advertise on premium cable.

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