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法國將在2040年前禁售汽油柴油車
France set to ban sale of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040

France is set to ban the sale of any car that uses petrol or diesel fuel by 2040, in what the ecology minister called a "revolution".

法國將於2040年之前禁止任何汽油或柴油汽車的銷售,此舉被環境部長稱為一次"革命"。

Nicolas Hulot announced the planned ban on fossil fuel vehicles as part of a renewed commitment to the Paris climate deal.

法國新任環境部長尼古拉斯-於勒宣佈將按計劃禁售化石燃料汽車,這是對巴黎氣候協定的再次承諾。

He said France planned to become carbon neutral by 2050.

他表示,法國計畫在2050年之前實現碳平衡。

Hybrid cars make up about 3.5% of the French market, with pure electric vehicles accounting for just 1.2%.

混合動力車約占法國汽車市場份額的3.5%,純電動汽車僅占1.2%。

It is not yet clear what will happen to existing fossil fuel vehicles still in use in 2040.

目前尚不清楚,2040年仍在使用中的現存化石燃料汽車將如何處置。

Mr Hulot, a veteran environmental campaigner, was appointed by new French President Emmanuel Macron. Mr Macron has openly criticised US environmental policy, urging Donald Trump to "make our planet great again".

于勒是資深的環保運動領導者,在新任法國總統埃馬紐埃爾•馬克龍的任命下擔任環境部長。馬克龍曾公開批評美國的環境政策,敦促唐納德·特朗普"讓我們的地球再次偉大"。

President Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris climate change agreement in June was explicitly named as a factor in France's new vehicle plan.

六月特朗普總統決定退出巴黎氣候變化協定,這無疑是促成法國新的汽車政策的一個因素。

"France has decided to become carbon neutral by 2050 following the US decision," Mr Hulot said, adding that the government would have to make investments to meet that target.

於勒說:"由於美國的退出,法國決定在2050年之前實現碳平衡",他又補充道,政府必須通過投資來達到這一目標。

Poorer households would receive financial assistance to replace older, more polluting vehicles with cleaner ones, he said.

於勒表示,貧困家庭用環保車代替舊的、污染嚴重的車時會有經濟上的支持。

Earlier this week, car manufacturer Volvo said all of its new car models would be at least partly electric from 2019, an announcement referenced by Mr Hulot.

本周早些時候,汽車製造商富豪宣佈從2019年起,旗下所有新車型都將至少是部分電動的,於勒也提到了這一公告。

He said he believes French car manufacturers - including brands such as Peugeot-Citroen and Renault - would meet the challenge, although he acknowledged it would be difficult. Renault's "Zoe" electric vehicle range is one of the most popular in Europe.

他說儘管有困難,他仍相信包括標緻-雪鐵龍和雷諾在內的法國汽車製造商都會迎接這一挑戰。雷諾的Zoe電動車系列是歐洲是最受歡迎的品牌之一。

However, traditional fossil fuel vehicles account for about 95% of the European market.

不過,傳統的化石燃料汽車約占歐洲市場的95%。

Other targets set in the French environmental plan include ending coal power plants by 2022, reducing nuclear power to 50% of total output by 2025, and ending the issuance of new oil and gas exploration licences.

法國環境計畫設定的其他目標包括,在2022年之前關閉所有火電廠,在2025年之前將核能輸出量降低至電量總輸出量的50%,終止對新勘探石油和天然氣許可證的發放。

Several French cities struggle with high levels of air pollution, including Paris, which endured several days of peak pollution in March.

法國幾個城市均飽受嚴重空氣污染之苦,巴黎在三月份遭受了數日的嚴重污染。

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