Obama in Tokyo backs Japan in island dispute with China
By Stephen Collinson ,AFP
April 25, 2014, 12:00 am TWN
TOKYO -- U.S. President Barack Obama vowed Thursday to defend Japan if China attacks over a tense territorial dispute, but also urged Beijing to help stop North Korea from forging ahead with its "dangerous" nuclear program.
Obama described as "critically important" China's role in keeping its wayward ally in check after South Korea said heightened activity at the North's main nuclear test site could point to an imminent test — its fourth.
"China's participation in pushing the DPRK (North Korea) in a different direction is critically important," the president told a joint press briefing with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
"It is the most destabilizing, dangerous situation in all of the Asia-Pacific region."
Despite his call for China's help, Obama also underlined U.S. support for Japan, saying that islands at the center of its bitter territorial dispute with Beijing are covered by a defense treaty that would oblige Washington to act if they were attacked.
"Article five (of the U.S.-Japan security treaty) covers all territories under Japan's administration including (the) Senkaku islands," he said, referring to the East China Sea archipelago which Beijing calls the Diaoyus.
"We do not believe that they should be subject to change unilaterally, and what is a consistent part of the alliance is that the treaty covers all territories administered by Japan."
Obama added that "this is not a new position" and "there's no red line that's been drawn."
"We stand together in calling for disputes in the region, including maritime issues, to be resolved peacefully through dialogue," he said.
Relations between Tokyo and Beijing are at their lowest point for years. Some observers warn they might come to blows over the islands, where ships from both sides lurk to press claims for ownership.
Abe's position on historical issues also annoys the Chinese, who accuse him of playing down Japanese atrocities. They are particularly upset by visits he and his cabinet ministers have paid to the Yasukuni Shrine, which honors war criminals among other fallen warriors.