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June 28, 2017

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Diaoyutais 'within scope' of US-Japan alliance: Obama

TOKYO -- The islands at the center of a corrosive row between Tokyo and Beijing are covered by the U.S.-Japan defense alliance, Barack Obama told a newspaper ahead of his arrival in Tokyo Wednesday.

Obama, whose tour of Asia will also take in South Korea, the Philippines and Malaysia, is the first sitting U.S. president to explicitly affirm that hostile action against the island chain would spark an American reaction.

"The policy of the United States is clear — the Senkaku Islands are administered by Japan and therefore fall within the scope of Article 5 of the U.S.-Japan Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security," Obama said in a written interview with the Yomiuri Shimbun.

"And we oppose any unilateral attempts to undermine Japan's administration of these islands," he said.

Several senior U.S. figures, including former secretary of state Hillary Clinton and Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel have made similar statements, which Tokyo covets as a way to warn China away from territories it claims as the Diaoyus.

Obama's weeklong tour of Asia is being dubbed by the White House a "rebalancing" eastward of U.S. foreign policy.

Although China is not on his itinerary, its presence will be felt on every leg at a time of complex regional disputes and questions about U.S. strategy.

"We firmly oppose applying the Japan-U.S. security treaty in the issue of the Diaoyu islands," Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said at a regular briefing in response.

In November, China declared an air defense identification zone over the East China Sea, including the skies above the islands.

"I've also told (Chinese) President Xi (Jinping) that all our nations have an interest in dealing constructively with maritime issues, including in the East China Sea," Obama told the Yomiuri.

"Disputes need to be resolved through dialogue and diplomacy, not intimidation and coercion," he said.

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