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June 22, 2017

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China to hear Japanese wartime forced labor suit

BEIJING -- A Beijing court has for the first time agreed to hear a lawsuit by Chinese citizens demanding compensation from Japanese firms for World War II forced labor, their lawyer said.

Japan Wednesday described the court's decision as "seriously" worrying.

Kang Jian, an attorney for the plaintiffs, confirmed to AFP the decision Tuesday by the Beijing No. 1 Intermediate People's Court, which follows several failed attempts to bring such cases in both China and Japan.

The move comes in defiance of Tokyo, which argues such cases are barred by international agreement, and with relations between the Asian giants at their lowest point in decades.

Tokyo's top spokesman reiterated the country's apology for forced labor Wednesday and said the case could worsen ties further. China's foreign ministry renewed its call for Japan to "properly handle this issue left over from history."

Beijing regularly accuses Japan of failing to properly acknowledge and learn from its aggression during World War II, while Tokyo says its neighbors use history as a diplomatic stick to beat it with.

Chinese courts are controlled by the ruling Communist Party.

"We received a notice from the court that the case has been accepted," Kang said.

"Based on the evidence and the facts at hand, there's no reason they shouldn't rule that the companies are responsible," she added.

Two survivors and 35 people whose relatives were forced laborers filed the suit in late February against Japan's Mitsubishi Materials Corporation and Nippon Coke & Engineering Company, formerly known as Mitsui Mining.

Kang said Wednesday that an additional three relatives had joined the suit, upping the total number of plaintiffs to 40.

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