US signs defense pact with Philippines, Obama soothes PRC
By Stephen Collinson ,AFP
April 29, 2014, 12:03 am TWN
MANILA -- U.S. President Barack Obama said Monday he had no desire to contain or counter China despite clinching a defense pact with the Philippines which will inject U.S. forces close to the volatile South China Sea.
In the Philippines on the final leg of an Asian tour, Obama directly addressed leaders in Beijing, telling them that maritime territorial disputes needed to be addressed peacefully, not with "intimidation or coercion."
China's claims to various islands, reefs and atolls in the South and East China Sea have been a constant theme of Obama's tour of countries which fear being squeezed by the giant nation's emergence as a regional superpower.
Obama faced a delicate task in Manila as he sought to reassure an ally concerned about an increasingly assertive China, but to avoid worsening tense Sino-U.S. ties by antagonizing leaders in Beijing.
"We welcome China's peaceful rise. We have a constructive relationship with China," Obama said at a press conference with Philippine President Benigno Aquino.
"Our goal is not to counter China. Our goal is not to contain China," Obama said, taking on suspicions in Beijing that his policy of rebalancing power towards the Asia-Pacific was tantamount to encirclement.
The U.S. leader said that Washington did not take a position on the sovereignty of disputed territories variously claimed by China, Malaysia, Japan, the Philippines, Brunei and Vietnam.
But he said that, as an Asia-Pacific nation, the United States was interested in the freedom of navigation and the peaceful resolution of disputes.
"As a matter of international law and international norms, we don't think coercion and intimidation is the way to manage these disputes."
Obama strongly backed Aquino's bid to take his country's territorial disputes with China, including over the Second Thomas Shoal, to international arbitration — a step Beijing opposes.
New Era in US-Philippine Defense Ties
The new defense pact is a framework agreement that will pave the way for more U.S. troops and ships to rotate through the Philippines, and for the United States to place military hardware on Filipino bases.
Although there are already regular joint war games on Philippine soil and U.S. naval visits, the agreement heralds a new era in defense ties between the longtime allies after the Philippines closed two of America's biggest Asian bases in 1992.
Obama stressed that the pact would not result in new U.S. bases in the Philippines but would expand U.S. access to airfields and ports to allow forces from the two sides to train together — including for natural disasters.
The arrangement is similar to a deal with Australia to base up to 2,500 U.S. Marines in the northern city of Darwin, a key plank in Obama's pivot to Asia strategy which previously irked China.
China bristled at the new U.S.-Philippines defense agreement. A dispatch carried by the official Xinhua news agency said the deal could "embolden Manila in dealing with Beijing."
"The Aquino administration has made its intention clear: to confront China with U.S. backing," it said.
The agreement with the Philippines was signed by U.S. ambassador to Manila Philip Goldberg and Philippine Defense Minister Voltaire Gazmin hours before Obama arrived in Manila.
It represents the most tangible achievement of Obama's four-nation Asian tour, following the failure to conclude a market access agreement with Japan that represented another key facet of Obama's Asia strategy.