Myanmar to hold 1st census in 30 years
dpaMyanmar--Myanmar announced plans on Sunday to conduct its first census in three decades, with plans to visit all households nationwide in just 12 days between March and April 2014.
September 16, 2013, 12:03 am TWN
The census will be performed between March 30 to April 10, using 100,000 primary school teachers as census-takers. They will be paid 3,000 kyat (US$3.08) per day for their efforts, Immigration and Population Minister Khin Yee said.
Myanmar's last national census was taken in 1983. The government estimates the current population at 60.98 million, based on approximate reproduction rates, Khin Yee told a press conference.
“The census-takers will ask heads of households 41 questions, including the family members' sex and age, education, occupation, religion, ethnicity, disabilities, and recent births and deaths, as well as questions on housing, electricity and water sources,” the minister said.
Myanmar, which was under military rule between 1962 to 2010, has some 135 different ethnic groups, according to government classifications.
The main groups include the Chin, Karen, Karenni, Kachin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan, which have state territories named after them. An estimated 70 percent of the population is believed to be Burman, the largest ethnic group in the country.
The 2014 census is deemed an important step in preparation for the next general election scheduled in 2015.
“We are optimistic that the Myanmar census will succeed,” said Fredric Otieno Okwayo, Chief Technical Advisor of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), which has been assisting Myanmar with its census preparations.