US Senate confirms nation's first envoy to Myanmar in 22 years
By Michael Mathes ,AFP
July 1, 2012, 12:10 am TWN
WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Senate on Friday confirmed President Barack Obama's nominee to be the first U.S. ambassador to Myanmar in more than two decades, the latest step in greater engagement with a nation undergoing dramatic reforms.
Derek Mitchell, a veteran U.S. policymaker on Asia, was confirmed by unanimous consent, capping a startling series of developments in recent months which saw the two nations normalize diplomatic relations following democratic reforms in the reclusive Southeast Asian nation.
In congratulating Mitchell, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said the diplomat "has done an excellent job in his current role as special representative and policy coordinator for Burma," the former name for Myanmar.
"His experience will serve us well in the region as he builds on the strong foundation established by (Charge d'Affaires) Michael Thurston and our embassy team in Rangoon."
Myanmar was for decades ruled by an iron-fisted junta.
Washington withdrew its ambassador to Myanmar after a crackdown on a democracy uprising in 1988 and elections won by Myanmar's pro-democracy champion Aung San Suu Kyi's democracy movement in 1990 that were never recognized by the junta.
But a reformist government under ex-general President Thein Sein has freed political prisoners and allowed Suu Kyi's party back into mainstream politics, as he initiated steps designed to break Myanmar's isolation.
The country held parliamentary by-elections in April, and Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy secured 43 of the 44 seats it contested.
"As an iron fist has unclenched in Burma, we have extended our hand, and are entering a new phase in our engagement on behalf of a more democratic and prosperous future for the Burmese people," Obama said in May when he named his new ambassador and announced an easing of investment sanctions.
Suu Kyi, now 67, is also cautiously optimistic, telling AFP in an interview Thursday that she is prepared to one day lead her country.
The Nobel peace laureate stressed that with Myanmar facing elections in 2015, which her party is set to contest, hard work cannot be postponed.
The U.S. decision to ease sanctions could usher in the first major trade and investment between the United States and Myanmar for years, and help pry open a backward economy left behind by speeding Southeast Asian development.
U.S. law currently requires the president to restrict imports from Myanmar, where civilians backed by the military now rule, and bans U.S. investment and export of financial services to the country.
At Mitchell's confirmation hearing Wednesday, senators pressed the Obama administration to allow investment by U.S. energy companies as part of its loosening of sanctions on Myanmar, voicing fear that U.S. companies would lose out to foreign competitors.
Human rights groups charge that the oil and gas industry fuels abuses inside Myanmar, with villagers allegedly forced into labor and the powerful military seizing the revenue to support its operations.
During his hearing, Mitchell said the administration had not made a decision on oil and gas investment in Myanmar but reiterated concerns about state-owned firms in the industry.
He testified that reform in Myanmar "is not irreversible" and raised concerns that "hundreds of political prisoners" remained locked up.