Japan warns of China's many 'dangerous acts' in sea, air
By Harumi Ozawa ,AFP
August 6, 2014, 12:00 am TWN
TOKYO -- Japan warned Tuesday that China's "dangerous acts" over territorial claims in the East China Sea could lead to "unintended consequences" in the region, as fears grow of a potential military clash.
The comments appeared in an annual defense white paper approved by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's cabinet, with the report heaping criticism on Beijing's unilateral declaration of an Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) late last year.
The ADIZ — which overlaps on territory claimed by Japan — sparked regional criticism as well as condemnation from Washington, while commentators have voiced concern over the possibility of an armed conflict between the Asian powers.
Tokyo's paper noted that China's military budget had quadrupled over the past decade on the back of an "increasingly severe" security environment.
"Japan is deeply concerned about the establishment of 'the East China Sea ADIZ' which is a profoundly dangerous act that... escalates the situation and may cause unintended consequences" in the region, the 505-page paper said
The zone required aircraft flying through China's zone to identify themselves and maintain communication with authorities, but it was not a claim of sovereignty.
Chinese vessels and aircraft have regularly approached an East China Sea archipelago claimed by both countries after Tokyo nationalized some of the chain in 2012.
The strategically important islands, believed to harbor vast natural resources below their seabed, are called the Diaoyu by China and Senkaku in Japan.
In a confrontation earlier this year, Tokyo said that two Chinese fighter jets flew within 30 meters (100 feet) of its aircraft in an area where the nations' air defense zones overlap.
Beijing responded that it was Japanese military planes that flew dangerously close to its aircraft.
Several Southeast Asian nations are also at loggerheads with China over separate territorial disputes in the South China Sea.
Relations between China and Vietnam plunged to their lowest point in decades when Beijing moved an oil rig into contested waters in early May, triggering deadly riots in Vietnam.
"With respect to conflicts over maritime interests, China has adopted assertive measures, including attempting to alter the status quo by coercive measures," the paper said.
"These measures include dangerous acts that could cause unintended consequences and they raise concerns over China's future direction," it added.