Japan Prime Minister woos Africa with funds for peace and security
By Jenny Vaughan, AFP
January 15, 2014, 12:05 am TWN
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia -- Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe wooed Africa Tuesday pledging financial packages to boost peace and security on the continent, which has become a key trading partner with China.
"In order to respond to conflicts and disasters in Africa, Japan is now preparing to implement assistance of approximately US$320 million (234 million euros)," Abe said in his policy speech for the continent at the African Union (AU) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
As part of that deal, Abe pledged US$25 million (18 million euros) to address the crisis in South Sudan, where fighting between government forces and rebels have taken the world's youngest nation to the brink of all-out civil war.
On Monday, Abe urged warring South Sudanese parties to sign a ceasefire after weeks of violence that has left thousands dead.
Japan has been engaged in Africa for decades, particularly in financing peacekeeping missions.
In addition to the money earmarked for South Sudan, Abe said Japan would donate US$3 million (2 million euros) to the crisis in the Central African Republic, which has been engulfed in conflict since last year.
The head of the AU's executive council, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, expressed her gratitude for Japan's contribution.
"We welcome the support the Prime Minister has just announced for the African Union in peace and security in Central Africa, South Sudan, humanitarian assistance and capacity building," she said.
Doubling of Pledge
Abe said boosting business ties with Africa and promoting the private sector was a priority for his government, and pledged to boost Japanese investments on the continent.
"Africa has now become the continent that carries the hopes of the world through the latent potential of its resources and its dynamic economic growth," he said, adding that Japan would offer a total of US$2 billion in loans to the private sector, doubling a 2012 pledge.
Key to this growth was the central role of youth and women on the continent, whose roles he said cannot be ignored.
"We will centre the axis of Japan's diplomacy towards Africa on two groups: young people, who will without a doubt shoulder the responsibility for the future Africa, and women, who will give life to Africa's future generations," he said.
China became in 2009 Africa's top trading partner at 13.5 percent, compared with trade at 2.7 percent with Japan, according to the OECD.