Jokowi: meteoric rise of a political outsider
July 21, 2014, 12:00 am TWN
JAKARTA--He was raised in a bamboo shack in a riverbank slum on Indonesia's main island of Java.
Now Joko Widodo stands a good chance of becoming the country's next president, a remarkable rise for the down-to-earth outsider in a political scene long dominated by aloof dynasties and elites from the era of dictator Suharto.
Both Widodo, known by his nickname Jokowi, and his only rival for the presidency, ex-general Prabowo Subianto, declared victory at the July 9 election, the tightest in Indonesia since the end of authoritarian rule in 1998.
However most reliable pollsters put Widodo in the lead by several points. Official results are expected on Tuesday, and will likely confirm his victory.
But Prabowo is expected to challenge the results at the Constitutional Court, with his team claiming that their opponents tampered with the votes as they were counted, dragging out the divisive race for several more weeks.
Widodo, a former furniture exporter, shot to prominence when he was elected governor of the capital Jakarta in 2012 following a successful stint as mayor of his hometown Solo, on Java.
His hands-on-approach proved wildly popular with a public weary of corrupt, aloof politicians.
He regularly tours the teeming slums of the sprawling capital, which has a population of around 10 million, in casual clothes, and does impromptu check-ups on officials to ensure they are doing their jobs.
Despite his heavy workload, the father-of-three still takes time out to indulge his love of heavy metal, and is on occasion spotted head banging at concerts in Jakarta.
His humble demeanor is a stark contrast to the political dynasties and ex-military figures with deep roots in the Suharto era who have dominated Indonesian politics since the end of the dictator's three-decade rule in 1998.
Outgoing President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is a former general, and Widodo's election rival Prabowo was a top military figure under Suharto who has admitted ordering the abduction of democracy activists.
“This is something new for Indonesians — to have a leader who is also a grounded figure,” said Tobias Basuki, an analyst with the Jakarta-based Centre for Strategic and International Studies.
Widodo completed a forestry program at an Indonesian university, started up his own successful furniture business, and then entered politics in 2005 as mayor of Solo.
He is credited with regenerating the city during seven years in charge, moving slum dwellers into multi-story flats with working toilets, and relocating hundreds of vendors clogging footpaths to a market.
During his time in charge in the capital, construction started on several new public transport projects aimed at easing chronic traffic jams. He also pushed a series of pro-poor policies, such as easier access to free health care.