Limoux grapes make sparkling wines sparkle
By Stephen Quinn Special to The China Post
June 7, 2012, 12:11 am TWN
Special to The China Post--Limoux is believed to be the first place in France to produce sparkling wines in the "traditional method" — by monks at the St. Hilaire Abbey in 1531.
Four and a half centuries later an expert from the Champagne region, Michel Dervin, recognized the region's potential and made sparkling wines using a local grape, mauzac. Dervin believed the terroir, combined with the region's hot days and cool nights, had potential. He founded Domaine J Laurens in the village of La Digne d'Aval.
The mauzac grape ripens late, and has traditionally been picked when temperatures dropped in Limoux, in the southwest of France. This permitted slow fermentation that preserved residual sugar for a "natural" second fermentation in the spring, to create a lively sparkling wine.
Jacques Calvel purchased Domaine J Laurens in 2002 as a "retirement job." Calvel was working as an entrepreneur in Switzerland, but is a Limoux native.
An energetic man who looks much younger than his 70 years, Calvel presented his wines at the office of Cottage Wines to an exclusive group of wine lovers in Hong Kong. Calvel makes only sparkling wine. He wants to continue the style of the former owner and make wines that are true to their terroir.
His non-vintage Le Moulin Blanquette de Limoux brut is a delight. It is made from 90 percent mauzac, with 5 percent each of chenin blanc and chardonnay. Moulin is French for windmill. Farmers in the region used them to pump water and they still dot the horizon.
The green apple aromas come from the mauzac. The chardonnay adds finesse, while the chenin blanc gives a bite of acidity.
The Calvel sparkling has very fine bead. The bead is the name for the bubbles that spread from the bottom of the glass, and the finer the bead the finer the wine. This wine tastes of green apples, with a touch of molasses sweetness. It's like walking through an apple orchard as the fruit ripens.
The feeling of the bubbles in the mouth — the technical term is mousse — offers a wine that is full-bodied and yeasty, with a lovely tang of lemon zest. Around the edge of the wine can be found a beautiful "collerette"— loosely defined as a lace collar of froth at the top of the wine, a sign of a well-made wine.
The wine could be served at any stage of a meal. It would be wonderful as an aperitif, or with an entree like marinated salmon, light fish dishes, or most white meats. It would also pair nicely with creamy cheeses as a dessert. The wine's high acidity would cut through the fat of the cheese and produce a delightful combination of flavors.
Calvel runs a small family based operation. He said the aim was to find the balance between the grape's acidity and its natural sugars. "The levels depend on the date of the harvest." He always picks the earliest of any estate in the region and based on the tasting he manages to extract the best combination.
It helps that his estate is 300 meters above sea level, in the foothills of the Pyrenees which divide France and Spain. The location means he gets ideal weather conditions: hot days and moderate nights, which contribute to the quality of the fruit.
About 75 percent of Calvel's wines are exported, mostly to the United States. He plans to offer wines in the Asia region as soon as he can find an agent.
Stephen Quinn writes about wine for a variety of publications in the region. From 1975 he was a journalist for two decades with the Bangkok Post; BBC-TV, The Guardian, ITN, the UK Press Association; TVNZ; the Middle East Broadcasting Center in Dubai and a range of regional newspapers in Australia. Dr Quinn became a journalism educator in 1996, but returned to journalism full time in 2011. He is based in Hong Kong and is the author of 17 books.
(PLEASE DRINK RESPONSIBLY. DON'T DRINK AND DRIVE.)